These travel destinations in Uttar Pradesh are worth a visit for every tourist
Referred to as the ‘Heartland of India,’ Uttar Pradesh boasts of a rich cultural heritage. The land offers people who love to explore – shades of nature and history. It is not only gifted with crude dimensions, but it is also home to some of the best monuments. One need not command much of a geographical knowledge to recall the majestic rivers Ganga and Yamuna that flow through this state. Neither is the need to strain your brain to remember Taj Mahal and Fatehpur Sikri when Uttar Pradesh is mentioned. The state has some cities to offer travel to its core.
The capital city of Uttar Pradesh, Agra is home to the world famous of Taj Mahal, which is amongst the seven wonders. This ancient city has magnificent monuments making you awestruck by the sheer brilliance behind the construction. Some of the architectures of Agra are Agra Fort, Itmad-Ud-Daula, Fatehpur Sikri, Wildlife SOS, Sikandara, Aram Bagh, Khas Mahal, Panch Mahal, Musamman Burj, Jama Masjid, Agra Art Gallery, and Mehtab Bagh.
The capital of Uttar Pradesh and famously referred to as ‘The City of Nawabs,’ Lucknow retains its ancient charm with such authority that you will find yourself in a different world. It was the capital of Nawabs of Awadh. The city enjoyed the generosity of the Nawabs and hence flourished in music, literature, art and crafts. Just to name a few, Lucknow has famous attractions to look for namely Bara Imambara, British Residency, Chhota Imambara, Lucknow Zoo, Dr. Ambedkar Park, Hazratganj, Constantia House, Lucknow Museum, Rumi Darwaza, Chattar Manzil, Begum Hazrat, and Mahal Park.
For those who follow Hinduism, Allahabad is an important pilgrim site as Lord Brahma, the creator according to Hinduism, landed at this place on earth. The city is at the confluence of three rivers namely Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswathi. This ancient city also called as Prayag, witnesses one of the largest gatherings of religious nature during Kumbh Mela once every 12 years. The top attractions in Allahabad are Triveni Sangam, Khusro Bagh, Allahabad Museum, Allahabad Fort, Patalpuri Temple And Akshaya Vat, Jawahar Planetarium, and Anand Bhavan.
Pilgrims from various parts of the world let everyone call Varanasi as ‘The Religious Capital of India’. Considered one amongst the seven sacred spots for those who follow Hinduism, the land attracts those who belong to other faiths too. It lies on the banks of the river Ganges, which adds magic to the atmosphere. The famous tourism spots in Varanasi are River Ganga, Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Sarnath, Manikarnika Ghat, Archaeological Museum, Man Mandir Ghat, Chaumsathi Ghat, Ramnagar Fort, Chunar Fort, and Banaras Ghats.
On the banks of the River Ganga lies Kanpur, the biggest city in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It was earlier called Manchester of the country. Being a major industrial spot, Kanpur is now referred to as the commercial capital of Uttar Pradesh. Some of the famous tourist attractions in Kanpur include Bithoor, Jajmau, Boodha Bargad, Kanpur Gardens, Shri Radhakrishna Temple, Jain Glass Temple, Mecca Masjid, Allen Forest Zoo, and Agricultural Gardens.
Deogarh situated in the present Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh is epigraphical and archaeologically an important site of this state. The name of Deogarh is mentioned many times in the chronicles of Indian history. It has been mentioned during the reign of the Guptas, Gonds, and during Muslim rule in Delhi. Dashavatar Temple and Deogarh Archaeological Museum are the prime locations to visit here.
Known for its famous ‘Locks,’ the city of Aligarh is a historical town in Uttar Pradesh. The city is known for being the ground for the famous battle of Aligarh, which involved the British takeover of the Aligarh fort from the Maratha Confederacy. The city’s famous Aligarh fort is thus a must visit. The city is also famous for the various tombs of the Muslim saints. The Aligarh Muslim University is a prestigious college established in 1875-78. There are also various marketplaces in this city and should be visited.
Mathura is considered the birthplace of Lord Krishna, and hence it is one amongst the seven sacred cities for followers of Hinduism. This ancient town has many temples belonging to various ages. It was earlier a Buddhist location and was home to 20 monasteries before Hinduism rose to prominence. Some of the tourist attractions of Mathura include Krishna Janma Bhoomi Mandir, Jama Masjid, Dwarkadhish Temple, Kusum Sarovar, Radha Kund, Kans Qila, Mathura Museum, Raja Bharatpur’s Palace, and Govardhan Hill.
Another land of Lord Krishna and famous destination for pilgrims belonging to Hinduism. Most of the temples found in Vrindavan are ancient. Located near Mathura, these two cities are considered twin holy cities. Yamuna River, Govind Dev Temple, Iskcon Temple, Kesi Ghat, Bankey Bihari Mandir, Shahji Temple, and Rangaji Temple are few of the leading attractions in Vrindavan.
Ayodhya, the ancient city, is amongst the sacred cities for followers of Hinduism, as it is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama. It is also a place of religious significance for followers of Islam as the place was home to Babri Masjid belonging to the 16th century. Some of the locations like Moti Mahal, Kanak Bhawan, Hanuman Garhi, Ramkot, Treta Ke Thakur, Mausoleum of Bahu Begum, Gulab Bari, Guptar Ghat, and Faizabad Museum are worth to visit in Ayodhya.
The famous Mughal emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri in the 16th century. Though the city was at its glorious height only for a short period owing to the scarcity of water, its breathtaking architecture makes the city eternally famous. The palaces found here reflect the architectural brilliance of the bygone era. Panch Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Buland Darwaza, Johbhai Palace, Lotus Throne, and Khwabgah are some of the destinations that you should not miss in Fatehpur Sikri.
Well-known city of Rani Laxmi Bai has a blend of religion, history, natural beauty, and architectural excellence. Hence, you may not be surprised to note that Jhansi has its share in the common trait of the land. This historic city is situated on Pahujor Pushpavati riverbanks. Places namely Jhansi Fort, Rani Mahal, Government Museum, Chirgaon, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao Ki Chhatri, and Parichha are the major attractions to visit in Jhansi.
Kushinagar is a traditional Buddhist pilgrim centre. This ancient city gains more importance, as this was where Lord Buddha made his last sermon. The archaeological shreds of evidence unearthed from here can gauge the historical significance of the place. The site finds a place in Hieun Tsang’s travelogues as well. Sun Temple, Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar Museum, Ramabhar Stupa, Chinese Temple, Wat Thai Temple, and Pawanagar are the places to visit in Kushinagar.
Sarnath is yet another important pilgrim centre for followers of Buddhism as it was here Buddha gave his first sermon. The place is sacred for Jains as well. Excavations conducted here reveal how this ancient city flourished in the past. Some of the chief attractions in Sarnath include Chaukhandi Stupa, Sarnath Museum, Deer Park, Thai Temple, Mulagandha Kuti Vihar, Dhammek Stupa, and Tibetan Temple.
Meerut is an ancient city, and many of its historical buildings date back to the era of the Indus Valley Civilization. Like most cities in Uttar Pradesh, the city consistently witnessed vicious attacks by various invading armies and many of its structures being demolished. Meerut saw its rise under the rule of the Mughals and was a prominent site during the 1857 revolt. The place is considered to be an important historical town and has plenty of monuments and memorials that can be visited.