Jaipur also known as Pink City is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1727, after whom the city is named. It is located 260 km from the Indian capital New Delhi and forms a part of the Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Agra. It is a very famous tourist destination in India and serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan.
Mentioned below is the place one must see during their visit in Jaipur:
1. City Palace
Situated in the heart of the old city the palace of Jaipur includes Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. A blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture it has a huge collection of armor and weapons. The palace opens at 9:30 in the morning with an entry fee of Rs 35 for Indians and Rs 150 for foreigners.
2. Jantar Mantar
This monument of Jaipur has a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh. It also showcases an enormous sundial which still provides accurate time. The entry starts at 9:00 in the morning with a fee of Rs 10. The observatory is an example of the Ptolemaic positional astronomy which was shared by many civilizations.
3. Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is a splendid architectural expertise of the past. It is a very popular spot for the tourists. It is also called the palace of winds, so named because it was essentially a high screen wall built so the women of the royal household could observe street festivals while unseen from the outside. It has 953 windows to provide ventilation. The five-storey building does not have steps to reach upper floors.
4. Amer Fort
Around 11 kilometers from Jaipur, the Amer Fort is located in Amer. The red sandstone and marble construction reflect a splendid blend of Hindu-Muslim architecture. The main entrance faces east and there are three more entrances. There are four courtyards in Amber Palace. One of the courtyards has the Public Audience Hall, called the Diwan-i-Aam. The place provides you an opportunity to ride on the elephant. Though it is only a ten-minute walk to the fort, which is uphill, you will want to try it on an elephant.
5. Nahargarh Fort
Standing on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, the fort gives a panoramic view of the Pink City. Along with Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once formed a strong defense ring for the city. It came into limelight after the famous movie Rang De Basanti was filmed there. It also gives a spectacular view of the sunset and also has a great café on the premises.
6. Jaigarh Fort
Built in 1726 it holds a great appeal for the military lovers. Flanked by towering gateways and watchtowers, it contains the world’s largest cannon on wheels. Jaigarh doesn’t have the delicate interiors of Amber Fort and therefore appears as a real fortress. One should climb the Diva Burj watchtower to get an excellent view over the plains.
7. Albert Hall Museum
It is named after King Edward who visited the city as the Prince of Wales. Its foundation stone was laid on 6th February 1876. The building is situated in Ram Niwas Garden outside the city wall opposite new gate and is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. The museum showcase a brilliant collection of paintings, carpets, stones, metal sculptures, crystal works etc.