India is a land of cultural diversity and a fine blend of these diversities. The mix reflects in the landmarks and architecture of the cities in India. Some of the building, dwellings or gardens are aesthetically pleasing that you are bound to call them an Architectural Marvel. We have curated a list of monuments, buildings that are a sheer work of art, intellectuality, and farsightedness. Have a look at these marvels in India.
Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh
Khajuraho is a UNESCO World Heritage site in India. It is located in Madhya Pradesh and is well-known for a group of Hindu and Jain’s Temples located 175 km south-east of Jhansi, sprawling in an area of 20 Sq Km. The monuments at Khajuraho are known for their Nagara style symbolism and erotic figures and sculptures. These erotic stone carvings of human and animal form in sexual poses are portrayed on the walls of the monuments which showcase the architecture and cultural awareness of the country. Most of these monuments were built between 950 to 1050 CE under the reign of the Chandela dynasty.
Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
The series of Buddhist Monuments located at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh is only a World Heritage Site in India but are also the oldest stone structures in India. Originally commissioned by king Ashoka in 3rd century BCE, the Sanchi Stupa is located 46-kilometers north-east of Bhopal. The main part of the stupa is a hemispherical brick edifice built over the relics of Buddha. It is crowned by the Chatra which symbolizes rank. Many monolithic pillars, temples, palaces, and monasteries are also present at Sanchi.
Jantar Mantar, Rajasthan
Jaipur’s Jantar Mantar is one of the largest astronomical observatories in the world. It was built during the 18th century, under the reign of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. Jantar Mantar has the world’s largest sundial, the Jantars (instruments) and Mantar (calculations) has caught the minds of architects, historians, and astronomers. It has devices for measurement of time, tracking constellations and watching the orbits of Sun. This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and beautifully exhibits the curiosity of the Maharaja in the bygone era.
Victoria Memorial, West Bengal
The Victoria Memorial, Kolkata was built in the memory of Queen Victoria, who passed away in the year 1901. The memorial is built in a mixed style of architecture like Indo-Saracenic and Mughal styles, incorporating Venetian, Egyptian, Islamic and Deccani styles. It is now a museum that displays different relics associated with the British Rule such as coins, paintings, weapons etc.
Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad are a series of 30 rock-cut caves which were constructed in the 2nd Century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. The caves depict ancient Indian paintings, Buddhist religious art and Jataka Tales.The caves were once a place to impart various values which included education, living, and worship. The walls are ornamented with numerous exotic sculptures, murals, frescos, colonnades, porches, fine carvings, and paintings.
The Ellora Caves are a set of 34 monolithic Buddhist, Jain and Hindu temples as well as monasteries that are an epitome of adroit levels of architecture dating back to 350-700 AD. The noteworthy Kailasha Temple is a man-made wonder. It has amazing chisel and engravings that persuades the spectator to think about and laud the beauty of knowledge that made the ancient man form such architectural wonders.
Rani Ki Vav, Gujarat
Rani ki Vav is an 11th-century step wall. What can a step well have? This Vav has some of the finest carvings, intrinsic architecture and beautiful geometry. It was commissioned by Queen Udaymati to worship the sacred waters of the then Saraswati River and a commemorative structure from the Queen to her husband. This site is located in Patan and is 64 meters in length, 20 meters in width and 27 meters in depth. The whole step well complex has seven subterranean storeys and has intricate carvings on them with 500+ sculptures exhibiting gods, humans, nymphs, and kings; the main theme being the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu. It is also a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.