Christianity puts its first step in the country back in 52 AD. It is believed that St. Thomas visited India and introduced Christianity in South India. He even established one or two churches in the area and left the rest to be constructed by the devotees of Jesus. Colonization was the noteworthy era when various churches were built by Dutch, Portuguese, French and British people and thus, now India has some gorgeous churches that one can witness.
- 1 Cathedral Of The Sacred Heart, Delhi
- 2 Aloysius Chapel, Mangalore
- 3 Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Puducherry
- 4 Philomena’s Church, Mysore
- 5 Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church, Goa
- 6 All Saints Cathedral, Allahabad
- 7 Vallarpadam Church, Kochi
- 8 Thomas Church, Guruvayoor
- 9 George’s Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church, Kochi
- 10 Basilica of Holy Rosary Church, Hooghly
- 11 Our Lady of Dolours Church, Trichur Basilia
- 12 Anne Church, Goa
- 13 Shettihalli Rosary Church, Hassan
- 14 Paul Cathedral, Kolkata
- 15 Santa Cruz Basilica, Kochi
- 16 Santhome Church, Chennai
- 17 Medak Cathedral, Telangana
- 18 Christ Church, Shimla
- 19 Velankanni Church, Nagapattinam
- 20 Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa
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Cathedral Of The Sacred Heart, Delhi
Cathedral is the most prominent Catholic Churches in Delhi. It is situated amidst lush greenery and it is the oldest church in Delhi. The white altar made up of marble is the best part of this Church. It is said that Sir Anthony de Mello gave the altar and the Archbishop of Agra donated the robes, bells and other furnishings to the church.
Aloysius Chapel, Mangalore
St. Aloysius Chapel of Mangalore resembles the Sistine Chapel at Rome which is the most renowned Chapel in the world. The Church was established in the year 1885 and owns some outstanding ceiling paintings, oil canvas paintings and fresco paintings which depicts the various parts of the Holy Bible.
Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Puducherry
Immaculate Conception Cathedral which is also called ‘Samba Kovil’ resembles a church of France built in 1791 on the ruins of the older church. The Church owns a mind-blowing façade with Doric columns below and above and the dome which contains eight circular openings. The church clearly represents French architecture in India. Our Lady with the infant Jesus is standing in front of the church.
Philomena’s Church, Mysore
Earlier known as St. Joseph Chaver, St. Philomena’s Church was built in AD 1840. The church has a twin tower which is magnificently 175 feet high. The architecture is stunning as it is done in a gothic style. It is said that Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, king of Mysore laid the foundation for its construction in the year 1933. Designed by a French architect, the Church is an architectural marvel.
Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church, Goa
Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church in Goa is quite popular Church in the country. People from all around the country visit this church. It has a very decent architecture where there are two flanking altars. On one there is Jesus crucified and on the other, there is Our Lady of the Rosary. These statues represent the very fine Portuguese period.
All Saints Cathedral, Allahabad
All Saints Cathedral which is also known as ‘Patthar Girja’ has a very intricate Gothic style architecture. British architect Sir William Emerson designed the Church in 1871, who also designed the Victoria Memorial, Kolkata. It is one of the finest examples of European structure in India.
Vallarpadam Church, Kochi
The Basilica of Our Lady of Ransom, Vallarpadam-Ernakulam or Vallarpadam Church, Kochi is a very famous church between the Christian community as well as other communities. This Church is named so because it is dedicated to Mother Mary who is known as Vallarpadathamma. It was built by the Portuguese in 1524 but it was destroyed by the Dutch. In 1676, the Church was built again.
Thomas Church, Guruvayoor
St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Palayur is situated in the Thrissur district in Kerala. This ancient Church is the oldest Romo-Syrian Church in India. It is said that the Church was established by St. Thomas who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. It was the part of the seven Churches which he established in India.
George’s Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church, Kochi
This Church is very popular amongst Non-Christians and is situated in Edappally. The Church is believed to have healing powers and maybe that’s why around 5 million people visit the Church every year. It is said to be founded around 593 AD. Every year, on 23rd April, a nine-day festival is conducted here as part of the Feast of Saint George.
Basilica of Holy Rosary Church, Hooghly
Basilica of Holy Rosary Church which is also known as Bandel Church was founded in 1599 and is the oldest Church in West Bengal. The Church is dedicated to Nossa Senhora do Rosário, Our Lady of the Rosary. It is also known as the Parish Church.
Our Lady of Dolours Church, Trichur Basilia
This Church made up in Gothic style architecture is the third tallest church in Asia. With an area of 25,000 square feet, it has soaring belfries, double storeyed aisles, and eleven altars. It has a marvelous interior which includes scenes from the scriptures, specimens of murals and images of saints.
Anne Church, Goa
St. Anne Church is situated in the Santana district of Old Goa. This Church was built in the 17th Century and is a major example of colonial Portuguese architecture in Portuguese India. It was once included in the ‘World Monuments Watch 2000 List of 100 Most Endangered Sites’ by the New York-based WMF.
Shettihalli Rosary Church, Hassan
Shettihalli Rosary Church was built in the 1860’s by French missionaries in India. It is located in 2 km from Shettihalli in Karnataka. In 1960, Gorur Dam was built close to the Church so every monsoon whenever the water level rises, the Church is plunged in the water.
Paul Cathedral, Kolkata
The most popular and impressive church in India and as a result, it is visited around the year. Designed in the Gothic revival style, the Church has gorgeous arched windows with stained glass which makes it a fabulous sight and a treat to your eyes. The best time to visit the Church is during Christmas Eve when the Church is highly lit.
Santa Cruz Basilica, Kochi
This Church was originally built by the Portuguese in the year 1505. It is one of the oldest Churches in India and is recognized as the cathedral by the then Pope, Pope Paul I.
Santhome Church, Chennai
It is an important Church in India in respect to history as well as architecture. It is designed in Neo-gothic style and includes arched windows, whitewashed spires, wooden roofs, and domes.
Medak Cathedral, Telangana
This Cathedral is about 200 ft. long and 100 ft. wide. It’s said that the mosaic tiles used in the construction of the Church were imported from Britain. One highlight of the Church is its 175 ft. high bell tower.
Christ Church, Shimla
Christ Church is situated in the center of a town in Shimla. This beautiful church reflects the beautiful architecture of the British Era. It was built in 1857 in Neo-Gothic Style contains five fine stained glasses.
Velankanni Church, Nagapattinam
It is located on the coast of Bay of Bengal and is dedicated to ‘Lady of Health’ which is called Our Lady of Velankanni. It is said here that when worshippers offer candles to the mother, their illness is healed.
Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa
It is amongst the most famous Churches in India. It is a 300-year-old church and is one of the finest examples of Portuguese influence in Signature Baroque style.